PA GI is proud to be taking the lead to help inform the community about digestive disorders and how simple screenings can save lives. Education is at the heart of our practice and we are pleased to make available patient information sheets on different digestive health topics. Be sure to check back for new topics posted on our website regularly.
Bowel incontinence is a frequent and debilitating condition that may result from many different causes. It is defined as the uncontrolled passage of feces or gas over at least 1 month’s duration, in an individual of at least 4 years of age, who previously had bowel control.
Celiac disease is an immune reaction to eating gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. When a person with celiac disease eats something containing gluten, their body overreacts to the protein and damages their villi, which are very small finger-like projections found along the wall of the small intestine.
Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver, which happens when hard scar tissue replaces soft healthy tissue. Cirrhosis occurs in response to damage to the liver. As it tries to repair itself, scar tissue forms. As more scar tissue forms, it becomes difficult for the liver to function properly.
Diverticulosis is the presence of small pockets, or diverticula, in the muscular wall of the large intestine. It affects men and women equally, and the risk of this condition increases with age. Half of all Americans will have diverticulosis by the time they reach age 60-80.
Esophageal reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is commonly referred to as “heartburn.” Over 15 million Americans experiencing heartburn symptoms each day. A New England Journal of Medicine study revealed that patients with chronic, untreated heartburn are at a greater risk of developing esophageal cancer.
Hepatitis C is an infection caused by a virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation. There are three types of hepatitis viruses – A, B and C. There are vaccines for the prevention of hepatitis A and B, but not for C. Hepatitis C, or HCV, is a serious form of hepatitis.
Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. They may result from straining during bowel movements or from the increased pressure on these veins during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids may be located inside the rectum or they may develop under the skin around the anus.
Lactose intolerance means the body cannot easily digest lactose; a type of natural sugar found in milk and dairy products. When lactose moves through the large intestine without being properly digested, it can cause uncomfortable symptoms such as gas, abdominal pain and bloating.
WATS3D is a specialized biopsy of the esophagus that allows a gastroenterologist to collect cells from a larger surface area. In the past, the collection of cells was done in a random manner from a limited area of the esophagus. This new biopsy method has been found to be more effective in ruling out the possibility of cancerous and pre-cancerous disease in the esophagus.